When people talk about diamonds, the phrase “four C’s” is thrown around a lot. If you’re familiar with these, you know that these C’s refer to Carat weight, Cut, Color, and Clarity. But do you really understand exactly what each C means when it comes to evaluating a diamond’s value? It’s not only important to know what the four C’s stand for, but what they mean.
Let’s take a closer look at each of these “C’s” to establish exactly what makes a quality diamond a quality diamond. And by the end, we may just add a fifth “C” of our own.
As a diamond’s weight is measured in carats, understanding this C is simple: the more carats, the heavier the diamond. Carats are generally used to refer to the overall size of the diamond—since most diamonds will be of a consistent density, you can see why a Carat Weight would have such a direct impact on the price of a diamond.
Carat doesn’t refer to the purity of a diamond, nor how well it shines. But it does reflect the size and weight of a diamond, which is why so many people look to carats first when they’re judging the quality and value of a diamond. Diamonds with a lot of carats are rare, and hence more valuable.
The cut of a diamond has a tremendous effect on the diamond’s desirability. For example, a large diamond with a poor cut can lose a lot of what makes it resemble a jewelry diamond. It’s important that a diamond be cut precisely—not too deep, not too shallow—in order to achieve the maximum possible attractiveness. Once you learn to look for a good cut, you’d be amazed at just how many diamonds are not cut properly, or have their value decline due to a shoddy cutting job.
When talking about a non-fancy diamond (which is to say, a diamond that’s not supposed to have a color), the color or lack thereof can be tremendously important. Generally, jewelers are looking for a colorless appearance. But some diamonds that go along the far end of the scale can have a gold or yellowish tint to them that make them absorb more light—and the more light they’re absorbing, the less reflecting and shiny the diamond will be.
Take away color and what are you left with? Clarity. A diamond with good clarity is a special thing indeed. Heck, it’s the clarity of diamonds that contributes to their unique look as compared to other jewels and precious gems. The clearer a diamond is, the more brilliant and valuable it will become.
A Fifth C?
We at Colucci’s Jewelers like to say we’re the “fifth C” when it comes to grading diamonds. Keep checking out our website to learn more about diamond grading and to discover stunning jewelry pieces that only we can deliver.